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Zarine Kharazian

Assistant Editor, Digital Forensic Research Lab

I work primarily on disinformation, technology, and social media -- below is a portfolio of my selected publications.

Contact me at [email protected]



Armenia Assailed by Deceptive "Fact-Checking" Groups, Part 1: The Players

Two "impartial" Armenian fact-checking groups spread biased narratives and inauthentic content online This is the first article of a two-part series on an online influence operation targeting Armenia. Part 1 identifies the groups responsible; will explain the nature and scope of coordination between them.

Armenia Assailed by Deceptive "Fact-Checking" Groups, Part 2: The Coordination

The operators of the Adekvad and pages openly coordinated in their influence campaign This is the second article in a two-part series on an online influence operation targeting Armenia. Part 1 of this series identified the groups and demonstrated that the operation is inauthentic and intensifying.

European Data Protection Law Review | Volume 3 (2017), Issue 4
The Political Dimensions of France’s Support for the Digital Right to be Forgotten

While the CJEU’s decision to establish the right to be forgotten certainly ignited a debate among Western privacy scholars and policymakers hailing from both sides of the Atlantic, no country has participated in the debate with as much fervor as has France. This article addresses the following question: What explains France’s unique sense of urgency with regard to the digital right to be forgotten? I argue that extralegal factors rooted in France's enduring antagonism towards US digital...

IELR Blog | The Carpenter Decision In an International Enforcement Context

Late last week, the Supreme Court ruled that the government obtaining cell site location information (CSLI) from a telephone company constitutes a Fourth Amendment "search," and requires a warrant. The 5-4 ruling in favor of petitioner Timothy Carpenter is the latest in a string of seminal data privacy cases working their way through the U.S.

International Enforcement Law Reporter | Volume 34, Issue 4 (April 2018)
The CLOUD Act: Arguments For and Against

On February 27, 2018, the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in the seminal data privacy case of the term, United States v. Microsoft Corp. At issue in the case is whether the warrant provisions of the Stored Communications Act (SCA) apply extraterritorially, such that they compel Microsoft, an electronic service provider to produce private electronic communications stored on servers in Ireland for the United States government. Microsoft argues that the SCA does not apply to...

Cultural Property Crime

International Enforcement Law Reporter | Volume 34, Issue 5 (May 2018)
ICE to Return Nearly 4,000 Smuggled Artifacts Purchased by Hobby Lobby to Iraq

On May 2, 2018, U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) reported that it will return nearly 4,000 ancient artifacts, including roughly 450 cuneiform tablets and 3000 clay bullae, to the country of Iraq. The artifacts had been smuggled into the U.S. in violation of U.S. and law, after being bought by Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., the Oklahoma-based U.S. arts and crafts retailer.

International Enforcement Law Reporter | Volume 33, Issue 10 (October 2017)
Manhattan District Attorney’s Office Files Application to Return 2,300-Years-Old Marble Bull’s...

On July 8, 1967, French archaeologist Maurice Dunand unearthed a 2,300-years-old, foot tall marble bull’s head from a site at the foot of the Temple of Eshmun in Sidon, Lebanon. Dunand, the director of the Mission Archéologique Française in Lebanon at the time, was leading a state-sponsored excavation of the Eshmun site.

Reuters Publishes Report Detailing Investigations into 2012 ICBC-Madrid Bank Money Laundering...

In February of last year, Spanish authorities raided the Madrid subsidiary of the world's largest bank by assets: the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC). They arrested seven of the bank's directors for their alleged involvement in large-scale money laundering operations. News outlets widely covered the raid and the ensuing arrests at the time, ...

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